Sapphires are one of the four precious stones along with diamonds, rubies, and emeralds in jewelry stores. It is a variety of corundum or aluminum oxide and can be found in different colors, popular to contrary belief. While the blue sapphire is the most famous and well-known around the world, the gem is also found in colors like green, pink, yellow, purple, black and white.
There is no exact date to pinpoint when sapphires were first discovered or where. But their presence is seen in several parts of the world. Even the name “sapphire” was used differently. In ancient Greece for instance, sapphire was called sapheiros or “blue colored stone”. In Hebrew, it was called sappir or “the most beautiful thing”. Many linguists also believe that sapphire comes from the Sanskrit word Santi Priya meaning “dear to Saturn”. This is because of the belief that the gemstone is representative of the planet Saturn. Most of sapphires myths and legends revolve around the blue sapphire.